Toeplitz Matrix

766. Toeplitz Matrix

Given an m x n matrix, return true if the matrix is Toeplitz. Otherwise, return false.

A matrix is Toeplitz if every diagonal from top-left to bottom-right has the same elements.

Example 1:

Input: matrix = [[1,2,3,4],[5,1,2,3],[9,5,1,2]]
Output: true
In the above grid, the diagonals are:
"[9]", "[5, 5]", "[1, 1, 1]", "[2, 2, 2]", "[3, 3]", "[4]".
In each diagonal all elements are the same, so the answer is True.

Example 2:

Input: matrix = [[1,2],[2,2]]
Output: false
The diagonal "[1, 2]" has different elements.


  • m == matrix.length
  • n == matrix[i].length
  • 1 <= m, n <= 20
  • 0 <= matrix[i][j] <= 99

Follow up:

  • What if the matrix is stored on disk, and the memory is limited such that you can only load at most one row of the matrix into the memory at once?
  • What if the matrix is so large that you can only load up a partial row into the memory at once?
class Solution:
def isToeplitzMatrix(self, matrix: List[List[int]]) -> bool:
maxRow = len(matrix)
maxCol = len(matrix[0])
checkDict = collections.defaultdict(int)
for row in range(maxRow):
for col in range(maxCol):

if row - col not in checkDict:
checkDict[row-col] = matrix[row][col]
if checkDict[row-col] != matrix[row][col]:
return False
return True



Data Scientist, SWE + MLE

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